English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 6047/14565 (42%)
Visitors : 13630206      Online Users : 118
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.fy.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/10042


    Title: Mineralization of CCl4 with copper oxide
    Authors: Chien, Y.C.;Wang, H.P.;Yang, Y.W.
    Contributors: 輔英科技大學 環境工程與科學系
    Date: 2001-08-01
    Issue Date: 2010-11-16 17:38:11 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Experimentally, CCl4 was effectively mineralized by CuO to yield stable inorganic species of CO2 and CuCl2 (CCl4 + 2CuO --> 2CuCl2 + CO2). High CCl4 conversions (63-83%) were found in the mineralization process performed at 513-603 K for 10-30 min. Using X-ray-absorption near edge structure (XANES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies, we found that most CuCl2 was encapsulated in the CCl4-mineralized product solid (mineralization at 513 K for 30 min). At higher mineralization temperatures (563-603 K), CuCl2 was found to be predominant on the surfaces of the mineralization product. Speciation of copper in the mineralization product solid was also studied by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Bond distances of Cu-O and Cu-Cl in the CCl4-mineralized product solid were 1.93-1.94 and 2.10-2.12 , respectively, which were greater than those of normal CuO and CuCl2 by 0.03-0.07 A. The increase of the bond distances for Cu-O and Cu-Cl might be due to Cl insertion and concomitant structural perturbation of unreacted CuO in the mineralization process. Forthe second shell around copper atom, bond distances of Cu-(O)-Cu also increased by 0.03-0.05 A, and the coordination numbers of Cu-O and Cu-(O)-Cu decreased, as expected, in the mineralization process. In addition, stoichiometrically excess oxygen atoms were found on the solid surfaces, and they might play an important role in the mineralization of CCl4, leading to the formation of CO2 and Cl. Chloride atoms might be further captured by CuO, yielding CuCl2 in the mineralization process. This work exemplifies the utilization of X-ray spectroscopies (XANES, EXAFS, and XPS) to reveal the speciation and possible reaction pathway in a very complex mineralization process in detail.
    Relation: Environ Sci Technol. ,35(15):3259-62.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程與科學系] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    index.html0KbHTML622View/Open


    All items in FYIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    本網站典藏內容為學術研究目的之提供,請尊重著作權人之權益合理使用,請勿任意重製、轉貼、改作及散佈。

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback