X-ray absorption fine structure XAFS spectroscopy has been used to determine the valence system for the Fe atom in ilmenite, FeTiO3. This is the first XAFS data in FeTiO3 to our knowledge. The α-Fe2O3 data served as the standard in determining the ionization of the Fe atom in FeTiO3. Observation of intensity and k-space are consistent. There was no evidence of mixed valence on comparing the FeTiO3 near edge X-ray absorption spectrum with α-Fe2O3 data. The absorption spectra suggest that iron is in the trivalent state in ilmenite.