Heat was employed to coat crystalline goethite onto a quartz sand surface so that the adsorbent properties of the coating could be utilized. The adsorption characteristics of cadmium and humic acid onto goethite-coated sand were examined. Results show that the goethite-coated sand surface had a higher specific surface area and more mesopores than the uncoated sand. The adsorption of both cadmium and humic acid was highly pH-dependent: cadmium adsorption increased with pH, but humic acid adsorption decreased as pH increased. The presence of humic acid resulted in increasing cadmium adsorption in a specific pH range. The order of reacting humic acid with cadmium was found to have a noticeable effect on the final adsorption capacity. The adsorption capacity of cadmium for humic acid that is adsorbed onto goethite-coated sand before reacting with a cadmium system, exceeds that of humic acid that is mixed with cadmium ions before goethite-coated sand is added.
Water Research,Volume 36, Issue 20, Pages 4943-4950