Screening of biofiltering material for treatment of volatile organic compounds was performed by using a gas stream containing methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) as a target pollutant. Filtering media (FM) for screening were prepared by blending compost (such as pig and cow manure) and filling material (such as fern chips, wheat bran, and bagasse). Results show that a blend of pig manure/fern chips = 9:1 (wt basis) was superior with respect to the stability of the pH and the water-holding capacity of the FM and in the capacity for treating the target compound. Complete removal of the target compound was obtained at an organic loading of 100 g per cubic meter of filtering media per hour. By using the screened FM for treating MEK and toluene, long-term stability (> 1,200 hours) and complete removal can be obtained at an organic loading of 50 g per cubic meter of FM per hour for either compound.
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 47(6),674-681