The possible contamination of groundwater by the insecticides acephate and methamidophos was assessed using the behavior assessment model (BAM) and the groundwater pollution-potential model (GWP). The dissipation coefficients of the two insecticides in two soils (Annei silt loam and Pingchen silt clay loam) at different moisture contents (50 and 100% field capacity) and soil temperatures (20 and 30°C) were studied by determining the degradation and adsorption of each insecticide in the soil. The movement of acephate and methamidophos was studied by leaching each insecticide in a soil column in the laboratory. The absorption coefficient of methamidophos was much higher than that of acephate in both types of soil. In the leaching test, methamidophos more easily leached out from the Pingchen soil column than from the Annei soil column. Methamidophos was rapidly degraded, with a half-life of 1.11 to 1.61 days in the Annei soil and 7.50 to 13.20 days in the Pingchen soil at different temperatures and soil water contents. Acephate was found to have a longer half-life than methamidophos in soil; however, the mobility of methamidophos in both soils was slower than that of acephate. The mobility of acephate in soil is somewhat faster than that of methamidophos, and thus acephate may lead to the contamination of groundwater much more easily than methamidophos under normal conditions.
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 79-86