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|Title: ||Activating KRAS Mutations and Overexpression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor as Independent Predictors in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients Treated With Cetuximab.|
|Authors: ||Yen, Li-Chen;Uen, Yih-Huei;Wu, Deng-Chyang;Lu, Chien-Yu;Yu, Fang-Jung;Wu, I-Chen;Lin, Shiu-Ru;Wang, Jaw-Yuan|
|Contributors: ||輔英科技大學 醫學檢驗生物技術系|
|Issue Date: ||2010-11-05|
|Abstract: ||OBJECTIVE: Cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), has been proven to be efficient in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC); however, the therapeutic response is variable and markers predictive of response are urgently required. This study was conducted to determinate the predictive values of KRAS mutation status and EGFR expression in mCRC patients treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy.|
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Clinical benefit with EGFR-targeting antibodies seems to be restricted to a particular subgroup of mCRC patients. Therefore, the identification of reliable predictive factors for mCRC patients is imperative before the introduction of targeted chemotherapy.
METHODS: Ninety-five mCRC patients receiving cetuximab plus the FOLFIRI or FOLFOX-4 chemotherapy were enrolled into the present study. KRAS mutation status/EGFR expression levels were analyzed using direct sequencing, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, respectively. The association between clinical response, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) as well as KRAS mutation status/EGFR expression levels were evaluated.
RESULTS: Of 95 mCRC patients, KRAS mutations were identified in 41 cases, and EGFR overexpression (protein or mRNA levels) were observed in 78 patients. Among 41 tumors with KRAS mutation, 33 were found to be activating mutants at codons 12, 13, 15 or 18, while 8 were nonactivating mutants at codons 20, 30, or 31. Fifty-five patients responded to cetuximab plus chemotherapy, 49 were EGFR overexpression and 46 were wild-type KRAS tumor status. Patients with tumors that express high EGFR levels or harbor wild-type KRAS are more likely to have a better PFS and OS when treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, patients with nonactivating KRAS mutants in tumors had a significantly better PFS and OS than patients with activating KRAS mutants (both P < 0.05). However, for patients with wild-type KRAS tumor status, EGFR expression remains a relevant predictor of clinical response.
|Relation: ||Annals of Surgery 251(2),254-260|
|Appears in Collections:||[醫學檢驗生物技術系] 期刊論文|
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