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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ir.fy.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/9733

    Title: Vanidilol: A Vanilloid-Type Vasorelaxant and Ocular Hypotensive Beta-Adrenoceptor Blocker with Partial Beta-2-Agonist Activity.
    Authors: Min-Muh Sheu;Bin-Nan Wu;Wong-Ching Ho;Show-Jen Hong;Sheue-Jiun Chen;Young-Tso Lin;Ing-Jun Chen
    Contributors: 輔英科技大學 健康美容學位學程
    Keywords: Partial p2-agonist activity;Vasorelaxant effect;Ocular hypotensive action;Nonspecific cardiodepressant effect;Octanol/buffer partition coefficients
    Date: 1997-04-01
    Issue Date: 2010-11-14 10:09:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Vanidilol, [4'-(2-hydroxy-3-(tert-butylamino)propoxy)-3'-methoxyphenyl] -benzaldehyde, newly synthesized from vanillin, is a vanilloid-type beta-adrenoceptor blocker. The beta-adrenoceptor-blocking properties of vanidilol were studied both in vivo and in vitro. Intravenous injection of vanidilol (1.0, 3.0, 5.0 mg/kg) in anesthetized Wistar rats produced a decrease in blood pressure and a dose-dependent bradycardia response. Vanidilol inhibited the tachycardia effects induced by (-)isoproterenol, but had no blocking effect on the arterial pressor responses induced by phenylephrine. In isolated guinea-pig tissues, vanidilol attenuated the (-)isoproterenol-induced positive chronotropic and inotropic effects of the atria and trachea relaxation responses in a concentration-dependent manner. The parallel shift to the right of the concentration-response curve of (-)isoproterenol suggested that the agent was a beta-adrenoceptor competitive antagonist. The apparent pA2 values for vanidilol on the right atria, left atria and trachea were 7.67 +/- 0.03, 7.89 +/- 1.02 and 7.66 +/- 0.15, respectively, denoting that vanidilol was a nonselective beta-blocker. The intrinsic sympathomimetic activity of vanidilol and propranolol was determined on isolated atria and trachea from reserpinized guinea pigs. Propranolol caused significantly negative inotropic and chronotropic effects at 10(-6) mol/l or above, whereas vanidilol possessed less cardiodepressant activities than propranolol. In reserpinized tracheal strips, vanidilol produced dose-dependent relaxant responses, but propranolol was ineffective. Preincubating the preparations with ICI 118,551 (0.1-10 nmol/l), a beta 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, significantly shifted the concentration-relaxation curves of vanidilol to a region of higher concentrations. In isolated guinea-pig thoracic aorta, vanidilol (0.1-10 mumol/l) inhibited the phenylephrine (10(-5) mol/l)-induced tonic contraction in vascular smooth muscle which was related to the block of calcium influx. In 20% saline-perfused rabbits, vanidilol showed a marked delay in intraocular pressure recovery, demonstrating an ocular hypotensive action. Binding characteristics of vanidilol and propranolol were evaluated in [3H]dihydroalprenolol binding to porcine ventricular membranes. Vanidilol was less potent than propranolol in competing for the beta-adrenoceptor-binding sites. On the other hand, vanidilol had a high hydrophilicity in comparison with propranolol. In conclusion, vanidilol exhibited nonselective beta-adrenoceptor blocking, vasorelaxant and ocular hypotensive activities, but was devoid of alpha-adrenoceptor blocking and beta 1-agonist activity. Partial beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist activity and inhibitory activity on calcium influx may share in the vasorelaxant activity.
    Relation: Pharmacology. 54(4),211-224
    Appears in Collections:[健康美容系] 期刊論文

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